The treatment is useful for many different types of musculoskeletal pain, including arthritis, back pain, neck pain, fibromyalgia, sports injuries, unresolved whiplash injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic tendonitis, partially torn tendons, ligaments and cartilage, degenerated or herniated discs, and sciatica.
"Proio" is short for proliferation, because the treatment causes theproliferation (growth, formation) of new ligament tissue in areas where it has become weak. Ligaments are the structural "bands" that usually hold bones to bones in joints. Ligaments can become weak or injured and may not heal back to their original strength, length, or endurance. This is largely because the blood supply to ligaments is limited, and therefore healing is slow and not always complete.
To further complicate these ligaments also have many nerve endings and therefore the person will feel pain at the areas where the ligaments are damaged or loose. Tendons are the name given to tissue which connects muscles to bones, and in the same manner tendons may also become injured, and cause pain.
Prolotherapy uses a dextrose (sterile water) solution, which is injected into the ligament or tendon where it attaches to the bone, or site of injury. This causes a localized inflammation in these weak areas which then increases the blood supply and flow of nutrients and stimulates the tissue to repair itself.
When appropriate, this injection technique is used with PRP injection therapy to enhance the healing effect on ligaments and tendons.